Negligence is a term that can be thrown around a lot. In California and elsewhere, people often use the word to mean simple carelessness. While this definition is not wrong, and indeed, legal negligence does have a strong correlation to carelessness. In a courtroom setting there are several aspects of the theory that need to be shown in order to prevail in a lawsuit, whether based on an auto accident or other personal injury situation. We previously touched on the basics of a negligence case, and a few weeks ago we briefly discussed a couple of the elements that need to be shown, namely 'duty' and 'breach.'
Another major aspect to negligence cases, however, is that of causation. Just because an injury occurred, it does not necessarily follow that someone is to blame. Just as a plaintiff needs to show that someone did something wrong in the form of breaching a legal duty, he or she must also be able to prove that the breach also caused the injuries in question.